Pdf study of the copyrolysis of biomass and plastic wastes. Co pyrolysis can be easily applied to existing plants of the pyrolysis of biomass. Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of lignocellulosic biomass at temperatures between 400 and 550 c in the absence of oxygen. Mar 30, 2017 wooden or agricultural biomass is treated with high temperature. The actual energy consumption for cracking and vaporizing pe into fuels is 1. It is used to extract raw oil from the heated feedstock or biomass inside the bioreactor at high temperature more than 300 degress celsius. That process results in quick concentration of elemental carbon and disappearance of. Enthalpy for pyrolysis for several types of biomass daren e. Therefore, it was possible to achieve higher liquid yields and less solid product than in the classic slow pyrolysis carbonization of biomass. Process having no oxidant species in the reaction atmosphere. Department of biosystems engineering, faculty of bioscience engineering, ghent university belgium 1st forebiom workshop 44 vienna. Enthalpy for pyrolysis for several types of biomass. A technology nreltp51037779 november 2006 assessment and economic analysis m.
In the first part of this thesis rapid pyrolysis of wood birch and some agricultural residues olive waste, sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw in. Wooden or agricultural biomass is treated with high temperature. Understanding biomass pyrolysis kinetics upcommons. Determination of kinetics parameters in the pyrolysis of cypres pine. A pyrolysis method in connection with a boiler and a. The solid residue yield and its properties in suspension. Department of biosystems engineering, faculty of bioscience. Scahill nrel is operated by midwest research institute battelle contract no.
The use of an inexpensive and worldwide available catalyst such as calcined dolomite favors the formation of h 2 and co. This work aimed to study the recovery of two types of waste by the process of pyrolysis. That process results in quick concentration of elemental carbon and disappearance of the fibrous structure improving its grindability. The pyrolytic breakdown of wood produces a large number of chemical substances. Biomass pyrolysis and biochar characterization ronsse, f. The last section presents the outline of the entire document. Largescale pyrolysis oil technical report production. Jitka hrbek2 and hermann hofbauer2 synthesis gas from biomass can be produced and utilized in different ways. Brown department of mechanical engineering, iowa state university, ames, iowa 50011 received november 5, 2002. Study of the copyrolysis of biomass and plastic wastes.
In ad di tion, coke form ed dur ing biooil com bus tion re sult ing in rapid clog. Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at temperatures between 400 c and 900 c without the presence of oxygen or other reagents. Primarily to produce biooil and gas biomass is very rapidly heated 10,000. The obtained results show that the adding of a plastic mix improves the overall efficiency of the slow pyrolysis of pine. Some of these chemicals can be used as substitutes for conventional fuels. Pyrolysis of biomass consists of heating solid biomass in the absence of air to produce solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Therefore, the pyrolysis technology has very high energy profit, 42. Low cost associated with upgrading processes from pyrolysis to co pyrolysis. Biocarbon is charcoal produced as a byproduct of fast pyrolysis and gasification or as the main product of slow pyrolysis.
Pe pyrolysis than in the virgin pe product because of the contamination on the postconsumer pe. Revised manuscript received april 23, 2003 this study utilizes a pilotscale pyrolysis system to determine the enthalpy for pyrolysis for. Biomass gasification for synthesis gas production and. Understanding biomass pyrolysis kinetics tesis doctorals en xarxa. C bond cleavage, occur during pyrolysis and lead to the formation of a complex mixture of more than 200 oxygenated compounds. Table 1 shows a classification of different types of biomass pyrolysis liquids. Biooil production in fluidized bed reactor at pilot plant from sugarcane bagasse by catalytic fast pyrolysis. Biomass conversion to produce hydrocarbon liquid fuel via hot.365 1321 1368 837 1333 1024 535 1187 892 638 1230 669 1302 1242 402 1071 856 1142 324 1060 840 1177 1177 1213 1431 964 1034 1250 1372 291 333 1279 1316 977 999 1345 1081 1159 571 569 674 1386 199 801 702 1113 1347